During radical reforms the share of foodstuff in consumption, and in structure of consumption of the food grew consumption of bakeries, potatoes and sugar - but not so grew to compensate reduction of consumption of the products containing animal protein, fruit, vegetables.
The program of short visits is provided in the second project on each of the enterprises of branch for the purpose of a preliminary estimate its production and financial weak and strengths. Competitiveness and prospects of the enterprises is estimated.
It is possible to assume that privatization is capable to stimulate the adaptation to the market in short-term aspect - by change and updating of the product range, development of the new markets, reorientation of economic communications.
Level of profitability of the enterprises is absolutely insufficient as for ensuring financing of investment projects at the expense of own means of the enterprises or borrowed funds, and for ensuring profitability of the carried-out investment projects. By expert estimates, even for rather small and fast-paid-back projects in the majority of industrial branches the rate of return on these investments has to be provided at the level of 2 - 5 times above, than average actual profitability on these branches. Therefore efficiency of investments falls.
Such structural reform inevitably has two parties - reduction in production in unpromising branches and investment of the capitals into perspective branches. As reduction in production happens quicker, than development of capital investments and expansion of additional production on their basis, the economy in general endures some decline in production.
other economic societies and associations, and also enterprises. Its purpose is creation of the competitive environment in national economy. Process of privatization is exclusively difficult, labor-consuming and demands big capital expenditure.
At realization "big" and" small" privatizations as in the industry, trade and a services sector, and a mudflow, are in general very adverse social and economic conditions for development of production in transitional society.
The investment auction providing at least any coordination of the act of privatization with the subsequent economic operating conditions of the enterprises actually was left in the basket of privatization. In an economic situation when production investments in overwhelming number of cases are obviously unprofitable, it is difficult to find owners of the capitalists concordant to invest them in the industry.
When using the first option of privileges, as a rule, about 60% of actions remain at the disposal of the state property fund. Some part from them is reserved for sale at auctions only for privatization checks, other part has to arrive on free stock market.
The majority of staff of the enterprises with a low kapitalovooruzhennost chose the second option of privileges. Here interests of the labor collective receiving the greatest in comparison with other options a share of actions coincide, and administrations of the enterprises getting chance, leaning on a consent of collective (or on its passivity), actually to control the enterprise.
Around the world the market as economic system proved the high efficiency and ability to provide to people a high standard of living. Transition to the market relations requires privatization, privatization.